1613 - 1800 - 1860 - 1868 - 1882 - 1885 - 1890 - 1895 - 1900 - 1904 - 1913 - 1917 - 1918 - 1930 - 2004 - 2006 - 2013 - Today (Fabergé in de 21st century)

1613-1645 Mikhail Fedorovich rules Russia as the first Romanov Tsar.

1682-1725 Peter the Great (or Peter I) rules Russia.

1685 - The Huguenot (puritan protestant) Fabergé family flees Catholic France and settles in Germany to escape religious persecution after the Edict of Nantes is revoked.

1762-1796 Catherine the Great rules Russia.

Peter de Grote Chatarina de Grote Alexander II Alexander III Nicholas II
Peter the Great
Catherine the Great
Alexander II
Alexander III
Nicholas II

Pictured above, 5 of the 18 rulers in the 300 years Romanov rule.

1800 - Peter Fabergé immigrates to the Baltic province of Livonia and becomes a Russian citizen.

1814 - Gustav Fabergé, son of Peter Fabergé and father of the famous Karl Fabergé, is born.

1830's - Gustav Fabergé moves to Saint Petersburg and is taught by Andreas Ferdinand Spiegel.

De ouders van Karl Fabergé Karl Fabergé
Gustav and Charlotte Fabergé Karl's parents
Karl Fabergé

1842 - Gustav Fabergé opens a jewelry shop at Bolschaya Morskaya Street in St. Petersburg.

1846 - Karl Gustavovich (Peter Carl) Fabergé is born in Saint Petersburg on May 30.


1860 - Gustav Fabergé retires to Dresden, Germany and Karl Fabergé becomes an apprentice to the jeweler Friedmann in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. The Fabergé business in Russia continues to grow under the auspices of Peter Hiskias Pendin, Gustav Fabergé's partner.

1861-1865 - Karl Fabergé trains to goldsmith in a four year apprenticeship in Europe.

1862 - Karl Fabergé's brother, Agathon, is born.

1865 - Karl Fabergé returns to St. Petersburg and enters his father's firm. 1866 - Tsarevich Alexander (III) marries the Danish Princess Dagmar (Maria Feodorovna).

Alexander and Dagmar Nicholas with his parents
Alexander and Dagmar ( Maria Feodorovna)
Nicholas II and his parents

1868 - Nicholas (II) is born to Alexander III and Maria Feodorovna.

1872 - Karl Fabergé marries Augusta Julia Jakobs and takes over his father's business.

1874 - Karl's first son, Evgeny Fabergé, is born. Fabergé is mentioned in the lists of the Imperial Cabinet for the first time.

1876 - Agathon, Karl Fabergé's second son, is born.

1877 - 1877 - Alexander, Karl Fabergé's third son, is born.


Alexander II Alexander II en III
Tsar Alexander II
Alexander III and parents

1881 - Tsar Alexander II is assassinated in a bombing by revolutionaries. Tsar Alexander III is crowned.

1882 - The House of Fabergé wins gold medal at the Pan-Russian Exhibition in Moscow and is "discovered" by Alexander III and Maria.

Gustav Fabergé's former partner, Peter Hiskias Pendin, dies.

Agathon, Karl Fabergé's younger brother, joins the Fabergé firm.

Alexander III en Familie
Alexander III and Family

1884 - Mikhail Perkhin joins the Fabergé firm and later becomes head workmaster.

Nicholas, Karl Fabergé's fourth son, is born.


St. Petersburg   Moskou
1842 The Saint Petersburg shop
1886 The Moscow shop

1885 - Karl Fabergé is named "Supplier to the Court of His Imperial Majesty," and Tsar Alexander III orders the first Imperial Easter egg for his wife Maria. The Fabergé company is awarded a gold medal at the Nuremberg Exhibition for its superb reproductions of the gold Scythian treasures which had only recently been unearthed in Russia.

Alexander III- Fabergé Eggs to Maria Feodorovna
Hen Egg Danish Palaces Egg Memory of Azov Egg Diamond Trellis Egg Caucasus Egg Renaissance Egg

1886 - Karl Fabergé opens a Moscow branch of the House of Fabergé.

Odessa Kiev
1890 The shop in Odessa
1905 The shop in Kiev

1890 The St. Petersburg branch of the House of Fabergé doubles in size; another branch is opened in Odessa.

1894 - Karl Fabergé's son, Eugene, joins the firm.

November: Tsar Alexander III dies.

December: Nicholas II marries German Princess Alix von Hesse (Alexandra Feodorovna).


Imperial wedding Kroning
1894 marriage
1896 coronation

1895 - January: Nicholas dismisses a call for constitutional reform in a speech that is cited as the provocation for the founding of the Russian Social Democratic Workers party that would become the driving force behind the revolution.

Karl's brother Agathon dies; Karl's son Agathon enters the firm.

Grand Duchess Olga (first daughter) is born to Tsar Nicholas II and Alexandra.

Starting 1895 2 easter Eggs are produced yearly, one for the Dowager Empress and one to be given to Tsarina Alexandra.

Blue Serpent Clock Egg Rosebud Egg
1895 Maria
1895 Alexandra

1896 - May 26: Coronation of Nicholas II and Alexandra.

May 30: Over a thousand people are trampled to death at Khodynka Meadow during the coronation festivities. (see the 1897 Coronation Egg).

Leon Trotsky begins political activity.

The House of Fabergé receives the State Emblem at the Pan-Russian Exhibition in Nijny-Novgorod.

Nicholas II - Alexandra 1897 - 1903
Egg with Revolving Miniatures Coronation Egg Lilies of the Valley Egg Madonna lily Clock Egg Trans-siberian Railway Egg Flower Basket Egg Clover Leaf Egg Peter the Great Egg

1897 - Grand Duchess Tatiana (second daughter) is born to Tsar Nicholas II and Alexandra.

At the Nordic Exhibition in Stockholm, Sweden, Karl Fabergé is appointed "Goldsmith to the Court of the King of Sweden and Norway".

1898 - Karl Fabergé begins renovating the premises at 24 Bolshaya Morskaya Street, which opens for the first time in 1900.

1899 - Grand Duchess Marie (third daughter) is born to Tsar Nicholas II and Alexandra.

1900 - Fabergé publicly displays some of the Imperial Easter eggs and other miniatures for first time at the Paris Exposition Universelle. He is awarded a Gold Medal and the cross of the Legion d'Honneur.


Carl Fabergé Augusta Julia Yakobs, Faberge's wife
Karl Fabergé ca. 1900, sorting gems. Right Augusta Julia Yakobs, Fabergé's wife

1901 – The Odessa branch of the House of Fabergé is opened.

Grand Duchess Anastasia (fourth daughter) is born to Tsar Nicholas II and Alexandra.

Olga 15th Anniversary Egg Tatiana 15th Anniversary Egg Maria 15th Anniversary Egg Anastasia 15th Anniversary Egg Alexei
Olga 1895
Tatiana 1897
Marie 1899
Anastasia 1901
Alexei 1904

1902 - Alexandra organizes a charity exhibition of Imperial eggs to benefit the Imperial Women's Patriotic Society Schools. It is the first public showing of the eggs in Russia.

1902 expositie
1902 The Fabergé Exposition in Saint Petersburg, Von Dervis Mansion. On the picture in the glass case, some of the Imperial Eggs are clearly visible.

1903 - A branch of the House of Fabergé is opened in London.

The 200th anniversary of the founding of St. Petersburg is celebrated.

1904 - Japan attacks the Russian naval base at Port Arthur leading to the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905). The Russian navy and army suffer terrible defeats.

Tsarevich Alexei (heir to the throne) is born to Tsar Nicholas II and Alexandra.

Karl Fabergé's fame has spread to southeast Asia and he is personally invited to the court of King Maha Chulalongkorn of Siam.

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Nicholas II - Alexandra 1906 - 1910
Moscow Kremlin Egg Rose Trellis Egg Alexander Palece Egg Standart Egg Colonnade Egg

1905 - 22 january: Massacre of Bloody Sunday. Tsar Nicholas reluctantly assents to constitutional monarchy.

Grand Duke Serge Alexandrovich is killed by terrorists in the Kremlin.

The Kiev branch of the House of Fabergé is opened.

1906 - Tsar Nicholas calls into session the first State Duma.

1910 - The Kiev branch is closed down.

1913 - The tercentenary of the Romanov dynasty is celebrated.

Nicholas II - Alexandra 1911 - 1915
15th Anniversary Egg
Tsarevich Egg
Tercentenairy Egg
Mosaic Egg
Red Cross Tryptich Egg

1914 - August: Russia declares war on Germany and Austria (World War I). In the first five months Russia loses over a million men - killed, wounded or taken prisoner.

The Fabergé firm is ordered to begin production of small arms for the front and dressing material for the wounded. Most items are made of copper or gunmetal in order to conserve precious metals and are only stamped with the Russian Imperial Eagle and "1914 War".

The last 4 Eggs, 2 for the Dowager Empress and 2 for Tsarina Alexandra
Steel Military Egg
Order of St. George Egg
Blue Tsarevich Constellation Egg
Karelian Birch Egg

1915 - The Fabergé workshops begin to produce war supplies. The London branch is closed.

1916 - The House of Fabergé is converted to a joint stock company.

1917 - February: A revolt (or First Revolution) overthrows the imperial monarchy.

March 15: Nicholas II abdicates. He and his family are placed under house arrest.


Het gezin van Nicholas II
Tsar Nicholas II and his family

The October Revolution (or Bolshevik Revolution) is organized by the Bolshevik Party against the provisional government. The Bolshevik Soviet Republic is proclaimed. To prevent further looting, Imperial treasures, including many Fabergé eggs, are confiscated and taken to the Moscow Kremlin Armoury.

inpakken rolstoel
Imperial treasures are confiscated
Karl Fabergé in wheelchair in Lausanne, shortly before his death.

1918 The House of Fabergé is closed by the Bolsheviks. Karl Fabergé and his family, with the exception of Agathon, escape from Russia with the help of the British Embassy.

The Tsar and his family are assassinated at Ekaterinburg.


Inventarisatie door de Boljewieken
Bolshevik inspection of the imperial treasures

1919 - April: The Dowager Empress Maria is evacuated from Yalta to England.

1920 - September: Karl Fabergé dies in Lausanne, Switzerland.

Graf Karl Fabergé
Karl Fabergé's grave in Cannes, France

1921 - Agathon is released from prison to work on the Crown jewels under Soviet orders.

1928 - Agathon escapes from Russia.

The years '30 - The Soviet government through the Antikvariat sells fourteen Imperial Eggs to foreign collectors. (The Antiquariat was a Soviet organization set up in 1925 for the export and import of antiques and artistic valuables. It became an internal source for the receipt of hard currency for the country).

1998 - 17 July: Reburial in Saint Petersburg of Tsar Nicholas, Tsarina Alexandra and three of their five children.

2004 - Russian businessman Viktor Vekselberg buys 14 Fabergé Eggs from the Forbes' collection and brings them back to Russia.

2006 - 28 september Reburial of Tsarina Maria Feodorovna in St. Petersburg.

2013 - Celebration of 400 years Romanov Dynasty.

go to Fabergé in the 21st century, The Family, The name Fabergé, Inspired by Fabergé, Fauxbergé


Page updated: May 29, 2016