Fabergé Eggs with Automatons

The Pine Cone Egg Automaton

Automaton

"An automaton is any of various mechanical objects that are relatively self-operating after they have been set in motion. The word Automaton, plural automatons or automata, is derived from the Greek αúτόματος, automatos, "acting of one’s own will" and is often used to describe non-electronic moving machines, especially those that have been made to resemble human or animal actions, such as the jacks on old public striking clocks, or the cuckoo and any other animated figures on a cuckoo clock". (Wikipedia)

Karl Fabergé and Automata

For over twenty years Karl Fabergé James Cox Peacock clock Hermitage Museum, click for the Hermitage webpagevoluntarily gave his time and expertise to the Imperial Hermitage, repairing, restoring and classifying its treasures. Fabergé, together with a mechanic, were known to have examined and repaired the famous 18th century automaton Peacock Clock by James Cox (pictured to the right) housed in the Winter Palace, now the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg. Familiarity with this large-scale mechanical work of art surely led to the design of the smaller 1900 Cockerel Egg and the slightly later 1902 Rothschild and 1904 Chanticleer Eggs.

Fabergé Eggs with Automata

There are six Imperial Eggs that have, or had, an automaton, and three known Eggs of "Imperial Quality". These nine Eggs with automata are:

The Pine Cone Egg Automaton
The 1892 Diamond Trellis Egg - mechanical elephant
Cockerel Egg
The 1900 Cockerel Egg - mechanical cockerel
Swan Egg Automaton
The 1906 Swan Egg - mechanical swan
Peacock Automaton
The 1908 Peacock Egg - mechanical peacock
Bay Tree Egg
The 1911 The Bay Tree - mechanical bird
Catharine the Great Egg
The 1914 Catherine the Great Egg - mechanical sedan chair - missing

Remarkable is that the above six Imperial Eggs were all made for Tsarina Maria Feodorovna.

Trans-Siberian Railway Egg Train

There is a train in the 1900 Trans-Siberian Egg, made for Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna, but as the movement of this train does not "resemble a human or animal action" it is strictly speaking not an automaton. The 1898 Lilies of the Valley Egg has a mechanism to move the little portraits, but this Egg for Tsarina Alexandra, is not an automaton.

Pine Cone Egg Automaton
The 1900 Kelch Pine Cone Egg - mechanical elephant
Rothschild Egg
The 1902 Rothschild Fabergé Clock Egg - mechanical rooster
Chanticleer Egg
The 1904 Kelch Chanticleer Egg - mechanical rooster

The mechanism of the Rothschild Fabergé Clock Egg is extensively documented in the Christie's sales catalogue, November 25, 2007.

Rothschild Clock Egg Mechanism
The mechanism of the Rothschild Clock Egg
Courtesy Christie's

There are more automatons made by Fabergé; a beautiful example is a mechanical silver Elephant in the Collection of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Great Britain. This Elephant was presented to King George V. On the Website of the Royal Collection you can see this automaton in a little movie!

Elephant Automaton

For automatons filmed while moving, click here!

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Page updated: May 11, 2016

awp February 2008