Early Imperial Egg Exhibitions
1902
Von Dervis Fabergé Exhibition, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Niva 1902, nr. 12, p.233

On the photo above, the Von Dervis Mansion exhibition room, with the two vitrines, or showcases, containing the Easter Eggs owned by the Empresses Marie Feodorovna and Alexandra Feodorovna. This photo was published in the magazine "Niva", 1902, nr. 12, page 233. Click photo for enlarged version. (Photo courtesy www.runivers.ru)

Introduction

The "Charity Exhibition of Fabergé Artistic Objects, Old Miniatures, and Snuff Boxes", was held in St. Petersburg, Russia, in March 1902. It was an exhibition in aid of schools under the patronage of the Empress Alexandra and many of the items exhibited belonged to the Imperial Family. After the Paris Exhibition Universelle in 1900, it was only the second time the public could see the Imperial Eggs, and it was the very first time Imperial Easter Eggs were exhibited on Russian soil.

It was said that the Eggs were created in utmost secrecy and were a private matter between the Emperor and Fabergé, something even some of Fabergé's workman did not know about. Perhaps this was so in the beginning, when the first Eggs were presented, but obviously no longer in 1902 as we can see from the image above. Clearly visible are many of the Eggs belonging to both Empresses. Nothing secret here as "Niva" was at the time the most popular publication of Russia and sold on the streets of St. Petersburg.

Golden Drawing Room in 1902
Golden Drawing Room
General View of Exhibition in the Gold Drawing Room in 1902
(See below under Photos)
Gold Drawing Room Today
(source)

The Von Dervis Palace or Mansion

The first Russian exhibition of Fabergé art works was organized in the Von Dervis* Palace or Mansion in St. Petersburg. The owner of the mansion, Vera Nikolaievna, widow of Baron Paul Pavlovich von Dervis had in 1889 made the decision to completely remodel her mansion at 28 English Embankment and moved next door to another property owned by the family. As she was enormously wealthy, her husband having made his fortune in the railway construction business, she was able to employ the most successful St Petersburg architect, Alexander Krasovsky and ordered him to carry out a complete reconstruction and the mansion became home to some of the most spectacular state rooms in St. Petersburg.

The new design reflected the Florentine style which was very fashionable in St. Petersburg at that time. When construction was complete, Vera Nicholaievna allowed her wonderful new mansion toe be opened to the public, hosting the now famous 1902 exhibition which was installed in the sumptuous Gold Drawing Room. Now that is a way to hold a house warming party!

Poor Vera Nikolaievna died in 1903 and the palace was sold to Grand Duke Andrei Vladimirovich, the Grand Duke who after the October Revolution, married the prima ballerina Mathilde Kschessinska in France. But that is another story. As everything of beauty or money, the mansion was nationalized and used for various purposes after the 1917 revolution.

The Exhibition

The exhibition** excited great curiosity amongst Petersburgers, and even the Emperor Nicholas II and his family honoured it with their presence. Many came to view the items from the private collections of members of the royal family, which had been presented to them on their birthdays, weddings and other family celebrations.

The Emperor wrote in his diary: March 7, 1902 "...Sergei and Ella had breakfast with us. She and Alix went to organize a charity fete of Faberge things belonging to our family..."

March 9, 1902 "...After breakfast we went to see the opening ceremony of Alix's charity fete in Dervise's house. It felt strange to see my own things as well as the things belonging to other people whom I knew very well. The collections of the old snuff-boxes and miniatures were very interesting..." [1]

The Photographs

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General View and 25th Anniversary Wedding Clock

I always thought that there was a series of ten photographs, but odd as it may seem, I found more than the ten photographs, however all from the same angles, so some of these photographs are probably cutouts or enlargements of the original ten. I have posted these photos here; click images for larger versions.

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Von Dervise
Gold Drawing Room and Buffet Room with Ceremonial Table with Kelch Gothic Service

Bulla spb
Photos Stamped in Russian "K.K. Bulla (left) St. Petersburg, Sadovaya Street 61

The seven photographs above, are courtesy Paul Kulikovsky's Romanov News. I am very grateful to Paul that he sent me his photos and gave me permission to use them for this article. These photos are accompanied by the text:

Photos by Karl Bulla, gelatin silver prints, of the Fabergé exhibition at the Derviz Mansion, English Embankment, St. Petersburg in 1902. All mounted on cardboard and some with tissue-papers, stamped St. Petersburg and the name of the photographer, size about 290x210 mm (print only). Carl Oswald Bulla or Karl Carlovich Bulla (1855?-1929), German-Russian photographer, born in Prussia, founder of photojournalism in Russia.

With the photographs below I think I have a bit of all here is on this exhibition.

1902 von dervis exhibition
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8budda
Installation photographs of the exhibition

Many people have tried and identified the Fabergé items in these photos. There are the flowers, the Tsarina's triangular clock, the 25th anniversary clock of the other Tsarina, still with the Imperial monogram, the buddha we now call Onassis Buddha, the embracing amorini, and so much more. Today many of the items exhibited here are in museums or private collections. But we are here to talk Eggs, so here it goes!

Eggs

vdtwo cases empresses
The two Cases with Imperial Easter Eggs

The Eggs were put together in two showcases, see above, one for each Empress. We will start with her Majesty Alexandra Feodorovna's Imperial Easter Eggs, for one reason only; she is the easy one. Her mother in law is the one with the Missing Eggs and it appears this already started in 1902!

From the cases showing the Imperial Easter Eggs of the two Empresses (photo on the left), we know that Empress Alexandra loaned all her Easter Eggs to the exhibition. The exhibition was held in March 1902 and Easter 1902 was yet to come, so she had by that time received a total of seven Eggs and these seven Eggs are all visible in her glass case. See if you can find all seven Eggs!

NB. One Egg is partly hidden behind the material of the case and one Egg you might not recognize, for its color in black and white seems strange to us today.

Eggs present:
1895 Rosebud Egg
1896 Egg with revolving miniatures
1897 Coronation Egg
1998 Lilies of the Valley Egg
1899 Madonna Lilly Clock Egg
1900 Transsiberian Railway Egg
1901 Flower Basket Egg
Rosebud Egg Egg with Revolving Miniatures Coronation Egg Lilies of the Valley Egg Madonna lily Clock Egg Trans-siberian Railway Egg Flower Basket Egg

Noteworthy here is the 1901 Flower Basket Egg with the white base. Today the base is blue as you can see on the Egg page. It is said that until these photos became available to the west the 1901 Flower Basket Egg was thought by some people to have been made by the Jeweler Boucheron who was active in Russia at the same time as Fabergé. [2]

Empress Maria Feodorovna had received seventeen Eggs (see) by the time the exhibition was held. Alas, for her too Easter 1902 was yet to come! Eleven Eggs are clearly visible in her glass case and of one Egg the 1888 Cherub with Chariot Egg the reflection in the glass is faintly visible. See Egg page.

Eggs present:
1887 Third Imperial Egg
1890 Danish Palaces Egg
1891 Memory of Azov Egg
1892 Diamond Trellis Egg
1893 Caucasus Egg
1894 Renaissance Egg
1895 Blue Serpent Clock Egg
1896 12 Monogram Egg
1898 Pelican Egg
1899 Pansy Egg
1901 Gatchina Palace Egg
1888 Cherub with Chariot Egg
Third Imperial Easter Egg
Danish Palaces Egg
Memory of Azov Egg
Diamond Trellis Egg
Caucasus Egg
Renaissance Egg
Blue Serpent Clock Egg 12 Monogram Egg Pelican Egg Pansy Egg Gatchina Palace Egg
1888egg
Not present or visible:
1885 First Hen Egg
1886 Hen Egg with Saph.P.
1889 Nécessaire Egg
1897 Mauve Egg with Min.
1900 Cockerel Egg
Hen Egg
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Miniatures Mauve Egg
Cuckoo Clock Egg

Unfortunately we cannot see into all corners and nooks of this case and it is well possible that for instance the smaller 1885 First Hen Egg and the 1889 Nécessaire Eggs are there, but hidden behind other objects.

Unless new photographs of this exhibition will appear, we probably will never know, but as it is so often the case with the Imperial Easter Eggs, nothing is impossible!

Last but not least, what puzzles me is the 1900 Cockerel Egg. The Egg is so large that it would have been visible even behind other items. The 1895 Blue Serpent Egg is 18,3 cm in height, the 1900 Cockerel Egg 20,3 cm, but I do not see it. I searched all the other photographs of the exhibition too, but no luck. Is that beautiful Egg not exhibited? And if so, why not?

You search too and let me know when you find it! So far, nineteen Eggs identified smile

 

Page made by Annemiek Wintraecken in July 2017

 

Notes:

[1] Diary Emperor Nicholas II: http://www.alexanderpalace.org/palace/ndiaries.html (Retrieved July 2017)

[2] Caroline de Guitaut, Fabergé in the Royal Collection, 2003, 29.

[3] von Habsburg, Lopato, Fabergé: Imperial Jeweller, 1993, 63-66 and 430-434

Other Sources:

Romanov News Facebook Page

Kremlin Museums Facebook Page

Fabergé museum Saint Petersburg, Russia: http://fabergemuseum.ru/ru/collection/faberge

Niva Photograph: http://www.runivers.ru/bookreader/book481341/#page/314/mode/1up

Toby Faber, Faberge's Eggs: The Extraordinary Story of the Masterpieces That Outlived an Empire, 2008

*Due to transliteration from German to Russian and back to English, the name Von Dervis is written in many
different ways. I found Vondervis, Vondervise, von Dervise, von Derwies, von Derviz, von Dervize and of course фон Дервиз.

**Title of the exhibition in Russian: Выставка художественных произведений К. Фаберже в особняке П.П. фон Дервиза, Санкт-Петербург 1902 г.

Interested reading about the vitrines used in this exhibition? Click here for a nice story in the Fabergé Research Newsletter.

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This page is part of a series of "Early Imperial Easter Egg Exhibitions". Other pages are:

The 1900 Paris Exposition Universelle, France
The 1902 Von Dervis Fabergé Exhibition of Objets d'Art and Miniatures, Saint Petersburg, Russia
The 1937 Hammer Exhibition Фаберже Fabergé His Works, New York, US

back Back to Early Exhibitions

next The 1937 Hammer Exhibition Фаберже Fabergé His Works, New York, US

 

Page updated or corrected: July 27, 2017