1896 Twelve Monogram Egg / Alexander III Portraits Egg
II to Maria Feodorovna
Made in Saint Petersburg
Owner: Hillwood Museum, Washington, DC, USA,
The Marjorie Merriweather Post Collection
Height: 7,9 cm
The 12 Monogram Egg/Alexander III Portraits Egg, (also known as 12 Panel Egg), is made of translucent blue enamel, red gold, rose-cut diamonds, portrait diamonds and velvet lining. The gold Eggis covered with six panels, each divided by bands set with rose-cut diamonds, and decorated with the Imperial crown and the Imperial monograms "MF" (Maria Feodorovna) and "AIII" (Alexander III), which are set in rose-cut diamonds.
Each monograms appears six times, totaling 12. A portrait diamond surrounded by smaller diamonds surmounts the Egg and another one is set under the Egg. Maria Feodorovna's monogram appears on the top half of the Egg, Alexander III's on the bottom halve. The Egg opens to reveal a velvet lining for the surprise, which is now lost.
The Monograms MF and AIII in Cyrillic
This Egg was long thought to be the 1892 gift for the Imperial Couple's 25th wedding anniversary, but later research proved that the 12 Monogram Egg was presented to Maria Feodorovna at Easter in 1895, in memory of Tsar Alexander III, who had died the previous November.
In November 2008 new research proved that this Egg had to be one and the same egg as the missing Alexander III Portraits Egg, and was presented to Maria Feodorovna as remembrance to Alexander III and the fact that the Imperial couple's married 30 years earlier, in 1866.
In March 2009, thanks to Will Lowes, co-author of Fabergé Eggs - A Retrospective Encyclopedia, who made me aware of the existence of a letter from the Dowager Empress to her son about the 1896 Egg, I found further evidence the 12 Monogram Egg is the missing Alexander III portraits Egg:
The Dowager Empress wrote to her son Nicholas II on March 22, 1896 from La Turbie, where she was keeping her ailing son Georgi company: "I can't find words to express to you, my dear Nicky, how touched and moved I was on receiving your ideal egg with the charming portraits of your dear, adored Papa. It is all such a beautiful idea, with our monograms above it all. (1)
The surprise this egg contained must have been the six portraits of Alexander III, mentioned on the bill for the 1896 Egg.
Could it be that the frame with 6 portraits of Alexander III that Grand Duchess Xenia (daughter of Maria Feodorovna) lent to an exhibition in London in 1935, be the same as the surprise from this Egg? For now, only history knows.
Read all about this research on the Fabergé Research Site, THE FABERGÉ IMPERIAL EASTER EGGS: New Discoveries Revise Timeline.
The 1896 12 Monogram Egg / Alexander III Portraits Egg was the first in what would become no less than four Imperial Eggs directly commemorating Alexander III, either through miniature paintings or through sculptures. The other three Eggs are the 1902 Empire Nephrite Egg (missing), the 1909 Alexander III Commemorative Egg (missing) and the 1910 Alexander III Equestrian Egg.
In the 1920's probably sold by Russian officials to a Paris-based jeweler. Owned by a Mrs. Berchielli, Italy. 1949 Bought by Marjorie Merriweather Post, General Foods heiress. 1973 Collection of the late Marjorie Merriweather Post, willed to Hillwood Museum, Washington. D.C.
(1) von Habsburg, Géza, Fabergé: Treasures of Imperial Russia, 2004, 66.
For more info about the redating of this and other Imperial Eggs, see also The discovery of a Photographgraph for the Missing 1887 Egg on the Fabergé Research Site.
Update April 2014. And finally Hillwood Museum has redated the Egg too! All is well that ends well, and credit where credit is due
Update February 2015
Wonderful news for the Egg enthousiasts, the missing miniature of the Egg is now known thanks to Fabergé researchers Anna and Vincent Palmade. Their discovery was first published in the Fabergé Research Newsletter, January 2015. Here below their story, courtesy and copyright the Fabergé Reseach Site, Newsletter Winter 2014-2015.
1896 Alexander III Portraits Egg - Missing Surprise Identified in Photographs
By Anna and Vincent Palmade
Alexander III Portraits Egg and Invoice - (Courtesy Hillwood Estate, Museum & Gardens; Fabergé, Proler and Skurlov, Imperial Fabergé Eggs, 1997, 123)
In 1949, Marjorie Merriweather Post acquired the 1896 Alexander III Portraits Egg. Today the egg is part of a large Fabergé collection at the Hillwood Museum in Washington (DC). The surprise in the Fabergé egg has been missing and no photographs - only an invoice - were known to scholars until now. The egg was previously identified as the 1895 Twelve Monogram Egg, until Annemiek Wintraecken published a revised Fabergé egg timeline in the Fabergé Research Newsletter, November 2008. Based on the Fabergé invoice the surprise included six portraits of Alexander III and ten sapphires. The egg and its surprise were presented for Easter 1896 by Emperor Nicholas II to his mother, the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna, who wrote to her son:
"I can't find words to express to you, my dear Nicky, how touched and moved I was on receiving your ideal egg with the charming portraits of your dear, adored Papa. It is all such a beautiful idea, with our monograms above it all." (von Habsburg, Fabergé: Treasures of Imperial Russia, 2004, 66)
In our auction catalog research we found four photographs of the surprise - a folding miniature frame. Whereabouts of the frame is currently unknown, however, we hope the surprise may be alive and well in the care of an unsuspecting collector.
Folding Miniature Frame - Provenance: Prince Dimitri, Grandson of Empress Maria Feodorovna. Bought by Wartski for 420 Guineas. (Christie's London, March 28, 1961, Lot 151)
(Snowman, A. Kenneth, Carl Fabergé, Goldsmith to the Imperial Court of Russia, 1979, 56)
Last Known Photograph of the Surprise, Price Realized SFr 38,000
(Christie's Geneva, May 12, 1980, Lot 283)
Four reasons why the Fabergé object illustrated above is the surprise of the 1896 Alexander III Portraits Egg:
A folding screen with six frames and ten sapphires fits perfectly the description in the Fabergé invoice. Like the egg, the object is signed by Mikhail Perkhin, Fabergé’s head workmaster active from 1886 until his death in 1903, and has the assay mark of the city of St. Petersburg before 1899. The portraits of Emperor Alexander III are missing. Are they still with descendants of Empress Maria Feodorovna?
The auction catalog provenance also fits perfectly. Prince Dimitri (1901-1980), who in 1961 sold the object at Christie’s London, was the 4th son of Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna, who was the 1st daughter of Maria Feodorovna and Alexander III. The 1961 catalog states the object was a gift from Nicholas II to Maria Fedorovna in 1894 (based on the revised timeline it was an Easter 1896 gift). Lowes and McCanless in Fabergé Eggs: A Retrospective Encyclopedia, 2001, 46, point out this frame was shown at the 1935 London Exhibition of Russian Art, item 559, case III - Ornaments by Fabergé. The description reads: "The Emperor Alexander. Six miniatures in different uniforms by Zehngraf. Lent by H.I.H. The Grand Duchess Xenia of Russia, Windsor."
The sapphires match the deep royal blue of the egg's champlevé enamel and the red gold of the object is a match to the red gold of the elaborate patterns engraved within the enamel.
The Hillwood Museum staff tested a replica of the surprise inside their egg. The replica was built using the dimensions and the illustrations mentioned in the publications. It fitted the inside of the egg so perfectly that it was barely able to move within its confines. The four top corners of the folded screen match exactly the four marks on the velvet lining in the inside of the top portion of the egg.
It is our hope this new information will reunite the surprise with the 1896 Alexander III Portraits Egg in the Post Collection. We would like to thank the staff at Hillwood Museum for their very kind and generous cooperation, Kieran McCarthy at Wartski who supported our research, and Annemiek Wintraecken and Christel McCanless for their indomitable and continued support.